Immunodeficiency virus in cats, causes, symptoms and treatment


Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is an infectious lesion of the immune system. This retrovirus group virus is similar to the HIV virus in humans, but there is no mutual infection between host and pet.

The harmful virus is contained in the saliva of the infected animal. Healthy cats can contract it through fights and bites. But no cases of mating transmission have been reported. FIV is usually transmitted by stray cats.

The incubation period has a duration of three to six weeks. The disease then progresses to the acute stage and shows the following symptoms:

  • diarrhea;
  • fever;
  • anemia;
  • inflammation of the skin;
  • enlarged lymph nodes;
  • lack of appetite;
  • emaciation.

Subsequently, the acute stage transitions to the latent form, which can last up to 3 years. Then the disease enters the chronic stage of immunodeficiency. During the latent period, cats develop oral diseases, lacrimation and runny nose appear, and the upper respiratory tract becomes inflamed.

Treatment of immunodeficiency virus in cats

The main goals of treating feline immunodeficiency virus are to improve immunity and treat diseases with a chronic course. The animal is prescribed broad-spectrum antibiotics, human immunoglobulin, vitamin complexes. The animal’s diet is thought out so that it contains all the micronutrients necessary to maintain its health at the proper level.

As a preventive measure, the pet is shielded from contact with stray tribesmen.