Persian cat


Persian cat is a long-haired breed, one of the oldest and most popular in the world. The distinctive feature of the breed is a small wide snub nose. Weight of an adult cat - up to 7 kg.

Now we know about 100 varieties of color Persian cats, including black, white, blue, gray, red, red, cream and purple. The eye colors are dark orange, copper, blue and green. Cats of a certain color have an eye color that is specific to them. One-color cats should be without spots and shades. Color with markings on the head, tail, and paws is called a color point.

In the 1970s, there were many catteries of Persian cats in the U.S., which led to changes in the breed towards degradation, as many cats with breeding defects were sold to Europe. About 20 years ago experts in Europe bred a typical breed standard cat.

In 1933 one of the largest catteries in Europe bred the “exotic” breed. It corresponds to the Persian type and character, but has a short, thick, “plush” fur. It is ideal for fans of “baby faces” of Persian cats who do not have time for the daily care of them.

In the USSR Persian cats first appeared only in the late 1980s. They were brought from Europe by diplomats, and were very rare. From the beginning of 1990s the breed began to spread all over the country, but it still remained an expensive pleasure.

The distinctive feature of the breed is a broad little snub nose. A variant of the cat with an upturned very small nose is called “extreme”, and with a relatively long and less upturned nose - “classical”. The short, muscular paws also stand out. The extreme subspecies is bred mainly in the USA, the classic subspecies mainly in Europe.

Weight of an adult cat - up to 7 kg.

Too flat or too high skull, shortness of breath, watery eyes, too light or stretched body - a serious defect, as well as too powdery or uneven coats. The most common deficiencies are tangles or gaps left after combing out the tangles.

Subspecies Persian White.

Has a long coat with a thick and very soft undercoat. Rounded, large eyes of dark-blue or dark-orange color, may have multi-colored eyes (one dark-blue, the other dark-orange). The coat is pure white in color and has no admixtures of other colors or shades. The pads of feet and nose lobe pink. The young may have black, red, blue or cream spots on the head, which disappear with age. Blue-eyed representatives of the Persian white cat may be deaf from birth. This defect is a serious trouble for the owners. The owner of a deaf cat should carefully protect such a cat from traffic accidents, as well as other unforeseen situations, because such a cat should be kept at home. It is difficult for a deaf blue-eyed cat to get in touch with other cats; they can not hear warnings and threatening sounds, therefore they have to orientate only by mimics and gestures. A mother suffering from deafness should be put on a hard surface so that she can feel the vibrations of sounds made by her kittens. Moreover, even 2 normally hearing parents may give birth to deaf kittens, although it happens that the deaf from birth kitten, growing up, acquires hearing (more often it happens to those who have a dark spot on the head at birth). It is strongly not recommended to mate a deaf cat with a deaf cat, because the offspring may be very weak. Sunlight does not harm the coat, so you should not keep a white Persian cat locked up all the time.

Persian Black.

She has black coat color (crow’s wing color) from tips to roots, no gray undercoat and some white hairs. Brown or rusty coat color is a disadvantage. Pads and nose black or grayish-black in color. The color of the eyes is copper-colored or dark orange. Juveniles under 6 months of age are often quite poorly colored. Sometimes the above-mentioned defects in the color of the coat occur. But this is not a reason to cull the youngsters: the color improves with age. Sunlight has a very negative effect on the color of the coat, so it is advisable not to allow such a cat to the windows and not to let it out into the street.

Persian cats can not live outside the house. In general, they are characterized by affectionate nature and great trustworthiness to people. In a family, they often choose the owner whom they love and respect very much.

They are very quiet cats, their voice is rarely heard. Persians persistently but calmly try to draw attention to themselves, sitting near the owner and looking intently into the face. They accompany their housemates from room to room, and are not afraid of children at all.

Though Persians are considered to be constantly lying “couch cats”, they can be rather active when played with, and even quite adult cats dash after the ball with great pleasure. They also love to catch insects if they accidentally fly into the house.

Persians are inquisitive by nature and love to explore new corners of rooms they have never seen before.

This is one of the most difficult breeds to care for. Its fur must be carefully cared for every day, otherwise it becomes tangled, the undercoat falls off and numerous tangles form.