Forms and types of eczema in cats, ways to treat it


Eczema in cats is an inflammatory disease that affects the surface layers of the skin. It can occur in acute and chronic forms. Acute eczema can be caused by parasites, injuries, infections, allergies and autoimmune diseases. Its symptoms are irritability of the pet, redness of the skin, and itching. Because the acute form of eczema occurs with wetting, it is called “wet eczema.

In the chronic course of eczema in the cat, there is inflammation and irritation of the skin, which may lead to hair loss. The triggers of chronic eczema may be an irrational diet, obesity, lack of minerals and vitamins in the body, the use of certain medications by the animal.

Eczema is classified into three varieties: traumatic, neuropathic and reflex eczema.

Treatment of eczema in cats

To eliminate local symptoms, the animal is prescribed preparations for the treatment of the skin (moisturizing or astringent ointments). For ease of care, the animal’s hair is carefully trimmed.

Wet eczema at the stage of crusting is treated with an antiseptic, and to accelerate the healing of ulcers the use of hormonal powders, ointments and lotions is resorted to. Supportive therapy consists of prescription of sedatives and antibiotics, vitamin complexes, immunostimulants.

The effectiveness of supportive therapy is also observed in the treatment of dry eczema with a chronic course. However, here it is necessary to keep in mind the habituation of the body to the drugs.