Ascites in cats - symptoms and treatment


Ascites (abdominal dropsy) is a disease in which fluid accumulates in the abdominal cavity in cats. It can be either very little or very much, which can cause the abdomen to swell. Ascites is provoked by leakage of fluid from blood vessels into the abdominal cavity, or from internal organs or lymphatic systems. It is important to note that ascites is not an independent disease, but a consequence of neglect and complication of other diseases.

Causes of ascites in cats

Several causes contribute to the development of this disease, among which there are very serious. The most common are:

  • Diseases of the liver, liver failure;
  • Heart failure.

Also causes may be: peritonitis, diseases of the lymphatic system, Hypoalbuminemia (decreased level of albumin in the blood), urolithiasis, obesity. Most often domestic cats that do not walk outside face this disease.

Symptoms of ascites in cats

One obvious symptom is bloating of the abdomen.

The cat’s abdomen appears:

  1. difficulty breathing (shortness of breath);
  2. decreased appetite;
  3. yellowing of mucous membranes;
  4. weakness, diarrhea;
  5. vomiting may occur;
  6. swelling of the perineum and underbelly.

Diagnosis of the disease

In order to make an accurate diagnosis, and not to confuse ascites with peritonitis, for example, a puncture of fluid taken from the abdominal cavity must be examined. Blood and urine tests should also be done. If possible, an ultrasound scan may be done.

Treatment of ascites in cats

In order to begin treatment, the cause of the condition must first be determined. Eliminating the underlying condition should eliminate the ascites.

A diuretic is prescribed to remove the fluid, as well as agents to normalize cardiac activity. If necessary, a puncture may be performed to remove the fluid.

For effective treatment, it is necessary to follow a diet, the intake of salt and water should be limited. The food should be rich in proteins and proteins.

The effectiveness of treatment also depends on the conditions in which the cat is and lives. Owners must create warmth and comfort for their pet. Do not expose the animal to stress.

Treatment of your beloved cat (cat) with medications or injections should be strictly as prescribed by a veterinarian!